Raman Imaging pp 301-315 | Cite as

Tip-Enhanced Near-Field Optical Microscopy of Carbon Nanotubes

  • Carsten Georgi
  • Miriam Böhmler
  • Huihong Qian
  • Lukas Novotny
  • Achim HartschuhEmail author
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 168)


We review recent experimental studies on single-walled carbon nanotubes on substrates using tip-enhanced near-field optical microscopy TENOM). High-resolution optical and topographic imaging with sub 15 nm spatial resolution is shown providing novel insights into the spectroscopic properties of these nanoscale materials. In the case of semiconducting nanotubes the simultaneous observation of Raman scattering and photoluminescence (PL) is possible enabling a direct correlation between vibrational and electronic properties on the nanoscale. So far applications of TENOM were focused on the spectroscopy of localized phonon modes, local band energy renormalizations induced by charge carrier doping, the environmental sensitivity of nanotube PL, and inter-nanotube energy transfer. At the end of this review we discuss remaining limitations and challenges.


Raman Scattering Radial Breathing Mode Excitation Rate Single Nanotubes Subwavelength Aperture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank Nicolai Hartmann and Tobias Gokus for sample and experimental support. Financial support by the German Science Foundation DFG through grant HA4405/3-1 and the Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM) is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carsten Georgi
    • 1
  • Miriam Böhmler
    • 1
  • Huihong Qian
    • 1
  • Lukas Novotny
    • 2
  • Achim Hartschuh
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department Chemie und Biochemie and CeNSLudwig-Maximilians-Universität MünchenMünchenGermany
  2. 2.University of Rochester, The Institute of Optics, RochesterRochesterUSA

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