Modeling of Power Systems for Small Signal Stability Analysis with FACTS

  • Xiao-Ping Zhang
  • Christian Rehtanz
  • Bikash Pal
Part of the Power Systems book series (POWSYS)


Small signal stability in a power system is the ability of the system to ascertain a stable operating condition following a small perturbation around its operating equilibrium. Power system disturbances can be broadly classified into two categories; large and small. Disturbances such as generation tripping, load outage, faults etc have severe influences on the system operation. These are large disturbances and the dynamic response and the stability conditions of the system are assessed within the standard framework of transient stability analysis and control. The system is modeled as a non-linear dynamic process. A large number of references dealing with this problem exist in power engineering literature [1]-[3]. Essentially the researchers have applied non-linear system theories and simulations to establish a clear understanding of the dynamic behavior of power system under such conditions. Effective tools to analyze and devise various non-linear control strategies are now in place.


Power System Power Flow Power System Stabilizer Excitation System Thyristor Control Series Capacitor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Foud, A.A., Vittal, V.: Power System Transient Stability Analysis Using the Transient Energy Function Method. Prentice-Hall, USA (1992)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pai, M.A.: Energy Function Analysis for Power System Stability. Kluwer Academic Publishers, USA (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pavella, M., Muthy, P.G.: Transient Stability of Power Systems: Theory and Practice. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester (1994)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kundur, P.: Power System Stability and Control. McGraw-Hill, USA (1994)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sauer, P.W., Pai, M.A.: Power System Dynamics and Stability. Prentice-Hall, USA (1998)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Concordia, C.: IEEE committee report on recommended phasor diagram for synchronous machines. IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems 88(11), 1593–1610 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pal, B., Chaudhuri, B.: Robust Control in Power Systems. Springer, USA (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pereira, L., Undrill, J., Kosterev, D., Davies, D., Patterson, S.: A New Thermal governor modeling approach in the WECC. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 18(2), 819–829 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hill, D.: Non linear dynamic load models with recovery for voltage stability studies. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 8(1), 166–176 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Walve, K.: Modelling of power system components under severe disturbances. CIGRE paper 38-18 (1986)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Noroozian, M., Anguist, L., Gandhari, M., Andersson, G.: Improving power system dynamics by series connected FACTS devices. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery 12(4), 1635–1641 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Verghese, G., Perez-Arriaga, I.J., Scheweppe, F.C.: Selective modal analysis with applications to electric power systems, Part-I & II. IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems 101(9), 3117–3134 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Larsen, E.V., Sanchez-Gasca, J.J., Chow, J.H.: Concepts for design of FACTS controllers to damp power swings. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 10(2), 948–956 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiao-Ping Zhang
    • 1
  • Christian Rehtanz
    • 2
  • Bikash Pal
    • 3
  1. 1.University of BirminghamBirminghamUK
  2. 2.TU Dortmund UniversityDortmundGermany
  3. 3.Imperial College LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations