The Evolution of Higher Education in Russia

  • David E. Lewis
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science book series (BRIEFSMOLECULAR, volume 4)


Understanding the effects of politics on the development of higher education in Russia is one key to understanding the development of organic chemistry in that nation. Since secular education in Russia went from high levels of autonomy to rigid central control as the monarch and policies changed, it behooves us to briefly look at the political events of the nineteenth century, and to see how these events affected the growth of the universities in Russia. As we shall see, this centralization of power in education tended to swing wildly from being very beneficial to the universities, permitting the innovations that would facilitate to the development of organic chemistry, to being a major impediment to innovation.


Nineteenth Century Preparatory School Constitutional Monarchy Russian Empire Imperial Capital 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • David E. Lewis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Wisconsin-Eau ClaireEau ClaireUSA

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