GPS-Equipped Wireless Sensor Network Node for High-Accuracy Positioning Applications

  • Bernhard Buchli
  • Felix Sutton
  • Jan Beutel
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7158)

Abstract

This work presents the design, implementation, and end-to-end system concept and integration of a wireless data acquisition system for high-accuracy positioning applications. A wireless network of GPS-equipped sensor nodes, built from low-cost off-the-shelf components, autonomously acquires L1 GPS data for Differential GPS (DGPS) processing of raw satellite information. The differential processing on the backend infrastructure achieves relative position and motion of individual nodes within the network with sub-centimeter accuracy. Leveraging on global GPS time synchronization, network-wide synchronized measurement scheduling, and duty-cycling coupled with power optimized operation and robustness against harsh environmental conditions make the introduced sensor node well suited for monitoring or surveying applications in remote areas. Unattended operation, high spatial and temporal coverage and low cost distinguish this approach from traditional, very costly and time consuming approaches. The prototype data acquisition system based on a low-power mote equipped with a commercially available GPS module has been successfully implemented and validated in a testbed setting.

Keywords

Wireless Sensor Networks GPS Positioning Geodesy Monitoring 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernhard Buchli
    • 1
  • Felix Sutton
    • 1
  • Jan Beutel
    • 1
  1. 1.Computer Engineering and Networks LaboratoryETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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