Subacute MR Imaging: Diffuse Axonal Injury, Brain Stem Lesions and Prognostic Factors

Chapter

Abstract

CT is insufficient in the diagnosis of diffuse axonal injury (DAI) and brain stem injury (BSI). Such injuries are very common and clinically important in severe traumatic brain injury, especially in the context of high-energy trauma. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the superior image modality to gain an overview of the traumatic lesions in the brain parenchyma. The neuroanatomic and prognostic information provided by MRI is important during the subacute phase of clinical management and rehabilitation. Thus, MRI should be considered in all patients with severe TBI.

Keywords

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Diffusion Tensor Imaging Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Susceptibility Weighted Imaging 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of MedicineNorwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)TrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationSt. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University HospitalTrondheimNorway
  3. 3.Department of NeurosurgerySt. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University HospitalTrondheimNorway
  4. 4.Department of NeuroscienceNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway

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