Prehospital Management of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Traumatic injury is the leading cause of early death and lifelong disability. If the trauma victim suffers from a head injury, the mortality rate is as high as 30% compared to 1% without TBI. Half of those who die from TBI do so within the first 2 h of injury. It is known that not all neurological injuries after the trauma are caused by the primary injury. Secondary injury evolves over the ensuing minutes, hours, and days. This secondary injury can result in increased mortality and disability. Consequently, the early and appropriate management of TBI is critical to the survival of these patients.