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Intracranial Pressure (ICP)

  • Peter Reinstrup
Chapter

Abstract

Monitoring brain functions is difficult in comatose patients. Continuous ICP recording is of value in cases of severe head trauma since the therapy of head-injured patients aims at preventing secondary injuries due to an elevated ICP and/or a low cerebral perfusion pressure. Insertion of an ICP device should be considered following intracranial surgery if complications are estimated as probable and, in a limited number of cases, also for evacuation of CSF, as well as for the differentiation between normal and low-pressure states. In cases of a subarachnoidal bleeding, it is recommended to insert a ventricular catheter not only as a means for ICP measurements, but also since the possibility to drain ventricular fluid might be compulsory.

Keywords

Pulsatility Index Ventricular Catheter Severe Head Trauma Arterial Pulse Pressure Plateau Wave 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Intensive and Perioperative CareSkanes University HospitalLundSweden

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