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Temporal Instabilities in Anodic Oxidation of Small Molecules/Ions at Solid Electrodes

  • Marek Orlik
Chapter
Part of the Monographs in Electrochemistry book series (MOEC)

Abstract

Dynamic instabilities associated with anodic oxidation of small molecules and ions: hydrogen, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, formate ions, alcohols: methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol and 1-butanol, and sulfide ions at solid (mainly polycrystalline and single crystal Pt electrodes) are described. Electrooxidation of most of these molecules is of significant practical importance due to their application, e.g., in the fuel cells. Understanding of the reaction mechanism and control of associated instabilities can improve the efficiency of such cells. Also, their course can exhibit analogies with the characteristics of nerve excitation. In spite of simplicity of the structure of the above-mentioned molecules or ions, their electrocatalytic oxidation processes exhibit a rich variety of dynamic instabilities, corresponding to properties of N-NDR, S-NDR, and HN-NDR systems. These dynamic instabilities include also excitability and experimentally rarely reported phenomenon of tristability. In particular, the electrooxidation of CO constitutes an important subsystem in the anodic processes of other organic molecules, as CO is an intermediate which poisons the Pt surface. The reported dynamic instabilities are discussed in terms of relevant electrochemical mechanisms, supported by appropriate numerical modeling and bifurcation analysis. In addition, the oscillatory oxidations of hydrazine, ethylene, iodide ions and graphite are briefly characterized.

Keywords

Hopf Bifurcation Electrode Potential Methanol Oxidation Current Oscillation Electrochemical Quartz Crystal Microbalance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marek Orlik
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland

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