Origins of CBA of Water Use Conflicts
Although the conceptual underpinnings of CBA may be traced to the nineteenth-century French civil engineer and economist Jules Dupuit, extensive application of the method had to wait until the twentieth century. Propelled by a rising demand for electricity and substantial damage from several serious floods, the U.S. Congress passed two significant flood control acts (1936, 1944). The federal government should improve or participate in the improvement of navigable waters or their tributaries , including watersheds... for flood-control if the benefits to whomsoever they may accrue are in excess of estimated costs. In fact, this outlines the core of a CBA. Many of the most influential CBA-works were sprung out of the flood control acts.