Experimental and Model Spatiotemporal and Spatial Patterns in Electrochemical Systems

  • Marek Orlik
Part of the Monographs in Electrochemistry book series (MOEC)


Simple examples of pattern formation in electrochemistry, including progress of active zone along the passivated iron wire, mimicking the conduction of the impulse along the neuron, and spiral waves of codeposited Ag–Sb alloy are invoked as the introduction. Following theory of dissipative spatiotemporal and spatial patterns in the reaction–migration electrochemical systems, outlined in Sect. 1.2 and briefly reminded here, representative experimental examples of such phenomena are collected. These examples illustrate the effects of interaction of the N-NDR and S-NDR characteristics with the migration (nonlocal) and global couplings, leading to, e.g., accelerated fronts of electrode potential, rotating waves, stationary Turing patterns, and more complex regimes. Described systems include electroreduction of peroxodisulfate ions on Ag electrodes; anodic dissolution of Co and Ni electrodes; anodic oxidation of H2, CO, HCOOH on Pt electrodes; and electroreduction of IO 4 ions on Au in the presence of an adsorbed inhibitor. Turing patterns emerge for CO electrooxidation and IO 4 reduction. Furthermore, dendritic (and similar) patterns during electrodeposition of metals on both solid electrodes and at liquid/liquid interfaces are described, including the effect of magnetic field on the morphology of such patterns. In addition to traditional understanding of dendrite formation, based on diffusion schemes (the diffusion-limited aggregation approach), their occurrence in correlation with oscillatory phenomena is described. Also, the formation of dendrite patterns during the anodization of single crystal Si electrodes in fluoride media is mentioned. Experimental studies, involving both classical electrochemical methods and modern techniques of surface analysis, are compared with theoretical modelings of respective phenomena.


Hopf Bifurcation Electrode Potential Spatiotemporal Pattern Work Electrode Electrochemical System 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marek Orlik
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland

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