Applications of Conducting Polymers

  • György Inzelt
Chapter
Part of the Monographs in Electrochemistry book series (MOEC)

Abstract

For practical purposes the electronically conducting polymers, that can be prepared from cheap compounds such as aniline, pyrrole, thiophene, and their derivative s by a rather simple chemical or electrochemical polymerization process, are of primary interest. However, for special purposes redox polymers are also applied, e.g., in biosensors or electrochromic display devices. The most interesting property of the intrinsically conducting polymers is the high, almost metallic conductivity, which can be changed in a simple way by oxidation or reduction, and also by contacting the material with different compounds. The conducting polymers usually have a good corrosion stability both in contact with solution or/and in the dry state. Furthermore, polymers can be deposited from a liquid phase even in complex topographies. Due to that redox process combined with the intercalation of anions or cations, chemical, optical, electrical, magnetic, mechanic, and membrane properties can be switched. These values can be changed by a variation of anion size and preparation techniques, e.g., inclusion of other chemical species. A specific function as wettability, optical or membrane properties, leads to applications in special systems, e.g., displays, or processes, e.g., metallization of holes. These are arranged, however, under a complementary grouping given by the technological fields, e.g., energy technology, sensors, and others.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Methylene Blue Electrocatalytic Activity PANI Film Redox Transformation Redox Polymer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • György Inzelt
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. Physical ChemistryEötvös Loránd UniversityBudapestHungary

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