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Myanmar has long been ruled by a military junta. The largest ethnic group in Myanmar is the Bamar, also known as the Burman people. They constitute over 60% of the total population and their dominance has often fuelled intermittent separatist rebellions within the country. The official language in Myanmar is Burmese, and its currency is the kyat (K). Its average exchange rate in 2010 was 966 kyats per US $1.

Myanmar’s political structure had undergone a large scale restructuring since the controversial national election in November 2010. The military-backed Union Solidarity and Development Party received 80% of the seats in Myanmar’s parliament, and the former Prime Minister Thein Sein was elevated to the role of President. Despite reform, many allege that the new government is still under control of the military’s top brass, who have refused to transfer political power to Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy, which won the last democratically held...


Bilateral Trade Human Trafficking National Election Border Crossing National League 
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© Asia Briefing Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Asia Briefing Ltd.
    • 1
  1. 1.KowloonHong Kong SAR

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