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Potential Allergens in Moisturizing Creams

  • Ana Rita Travassos
  • An Goossens
Chapter

Abstract

Nowadays with the extensive use of cosmetics, allergic reactions are increasingly observed and a significant portion of them are due to moisturizers. Contact allergic reactions to cosmetics may be delayed-type reactions resulting in allergic and photoallergic contact dermatitis and more exceptionally immediate-type reactions, i.e., contact urticaria. Fragrances and preservatives are the most important contact allergens, but reactions may also occur to emulsifiers and other vehicle components, humectants, conditioning agents, plant extracts, antioxidants, sunscreens, and in fact, to any possible cosmetic ingredient. Patch testing remains the golden standard for diagnosing delayed-type reactions, although additional skin tests might be useful as well. Prick tests are generally used to diagnose allergic contact urticaria.

Keywords

Allergic Contact Dermatitis Contact Urticaria Conditioning Agent Tanacetum Parthenium Alkyl Glucoside 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clínica Universitária de Dermatologia – Hospital de Santa MariaLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Contact Allergy Unit – Department of DermatologyUniversity Hospital St. Rafaël, Katholieke Universiteit LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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