Assessing Clinical Competence in Radiation Oncology Education

  • Eduardo Rosenblatt
  • Bruce G. Haffty
  • Jan Willem Leer


Radiotherapy is the clinical modality dealing with the use of ionizing radiation in the treatment of patients with malignant neoplasia and occasionally non-malignant disease. The current scope of practice of radiation oncology demands that residents be trained in areas such as systemic therapies, toxicity of combined-modality therapy, treatment of non-malignant disease, new and emerging technologies, principles of quality assurance, palliative and supportive care and multidisciplinarity. Recent trends in medical education demand the inclusion of disciplines and competencies not taught as recently as a few years ago. These include competencies such as principles of management, basics of medical research, interpersonal and communication skills and professionalism. Contemporary medical practice has determined that postgraduate training is moving from emphasis on knowledge only to a spectrum of core competencies on which the education is based. Competencies include knowledge but also skills and attitudes. Radiation oncology training and evaluation is now moving from the traditional knowledge-based focus to training and assessment based on new competencies such as clinical skills, attitudes, beliefs, management, communication and professionalism.


Radiation Oncology Objective Structure Clinical Examination Core Curriculum Residency Review Committee Workplace Assessment 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Rosenblatt
    • 1
  • Bruce G. Haffty
    • 2
  • Jan Willem Leer
    • 3
  1. 1.Applied Radiation Biology and Radiotherapy SectionInternational Atomic Energy AgencyViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of Radiation OncologyCancer Institute of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA
  3. 3.UMC St. Radboud Nijmegen Medical CentreRadboud UniversityNijmegenthe Netherlands

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