Advancing Business Process Technology for Humanity: Opportunities and Challenges of Green BPM for Sustainable Business Activities

  • Constantin Houy
  • Markus Reiter
  • Peter Fettke
  • Peter Loos
  • Konstantin Hoesch-Klohe
  • Aditya Ghose
Chapter

Abstract

The sustainability of organizations’ business activities is currently an intensely discussed issue which is gaining increasing importance. The research field of Green Information Systems (Green IS) is concerned with designing and investigating innovative methods and techniques supporting a better sustainability of business activities based on information systems (IS). According to the IEEE tagline Advancing Technology for Humanity, IS can contribute to a more sustainable business world and thus to a betterment of humanity. In our contribution, we argue that techniques and methods from the field of Business Process Management (BPM) can considerably support the preservation of the environment while performing business activities and thus contribute to a betterment of human living conditions. Organizational as well as technological opportunities and challenges of Green BPM are investigated and demonstrated by means of exemplary application scenarios from different organizational contexts. In order to delineate the technological potential of Green BPM, a semi-automated approach for process sustainability improvement is presented by means of a further application scenario.

References

  1. Fettke, P. (2009). How conceptual modeling is used. Communications of the Association for Information Systems (CAIS), 25(43), 571–592.Google Scholar
  2. Fettke, P., & Loos, P. (Eds.). (2007). Reference modeling for business systems analysis. Hershey, PA: Idea.Google Scholar
  3. Ghose, A., Hoesch-Klohe, K., Hinsche, L., & Le, L.-S. (2009). Green business process management: A research agenda. Australasian Journal of Information Systems, 16(2), 103–117.Google Scholar
  4. Ghose, A., & Koliadis, G. (2008). PCTk: A toolkit for managing business process compliance. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 2008 international workshop on Juris-informatics (JURISIN-2008), Hokkaido, Japan.Google Scholar
  5. Hinge, K., Ghose, A., & Koliadis, G. (2009). Process SEER: A tool for semantic effect annotation of business process models. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 13th IEEE international EDOC conference (EDOC-2009), Auckland, New Zealand.Google Scholar
  6. Hoesch-Klohe, K., & Ghose, A. (2010a). Business process improvement in Abnoba. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 1st international workshop on services, energy, & ecosystem (SEE 2010), San Francisco, CA, USA.Google Scholar
  7. Hoesch-Klohe, K., & Ghose, A. (2010b). Carbon-aware business process design in Abnoba. In P. P. Maglio (Ed.), ICSOC 2010 (LNCS, Vol. 6470, pp. 551–556). Berlin, Germany: Springer.Google Scholar
  8. Hoesch-Klohe, K., Ghose, A., & Lê, L.-S. (2010). Towards green business process management. Paper presented at the 2010 IEEE international conference on services computing (SCC), Miami, FL.Google Scholar
  9. Houy, C., Fettke, P., & Loos, P. (2010). Empirical research in business process management – Analysis of an emerging field of research. Business Process Management Journal, 16(4), 619–661.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Houy, C., Reiter, M., Fettke, P., & Loos, P. (2011). Towards Green BPM – Sustainability and resource efficiency through business process management. Paper presented at the business process management workshops 2010, LNBIP 66, Hoboken, NJ, USA.Google Scholar
  11. Hung, R. Y. (2006). Business process management as competitive advantage: A review and empirical study. Total Quality Management, 17(1), 21–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. IEEE. (2010). Tagline: Advancing technology for humanity http://www.ieee.org/about/toolkit/brand/tagline.html, 20.2.2012.
  13. Melville, N. P. (2010). Information systems innovation for environmental sustainability. MIS Quarterly, 34(1), 1–21.Google Scholar
  14. Pernici, B., Ardagna, D., & Cappiello, C. (2008). Business process design: Towards service-based green information systems. In A. M. Mazzeo, R. B. Bellini, & G. M. Motta (Eds.), E-government, ICT professionalism and competencies, service science (Lecture notes in biomathematics, Vol. 280, pp. 195–203). Berlin, Germany: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Piotrowicz, W., & Cuthbertson, R. (2009). Sustainability – A new dimension in information systems evaluation. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 22(5), 492–503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rao, P., & Holt, D. (2005). Do green supply chains lead to competitiveness and economic performance? International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 25(9), 898–916.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Recker, J., Rosemann, M., & Roohi Gohar, E. (2011). Measuring the carbon footprint of business processes. In J. Su & M. zur Muehlen (Eds.), Business process management workshops 2010. LNBIP 66 (pp. 511–520). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  18. Reijers, H. A., & Mansar, S. L. (2005). Best practices in business process redesign: An overview and qualitative evaluation of successful redesign heuristics. Omega-International Journal of Management Science, 33(4), 283–306. doi:10.1016/j.omega.2004.04.012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Scheer, A.-W. (1994). Business process engineering – Reference models for industrial enterprises (2nd ed.). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  20. Scheer, A.-W., & Brabänder, E. (2010). The process of business process management. In J. vom Brocke & M. Rosemann (Eds.), Handbook on business process management 2 – Strategic alignment, governance, people and culture (pp. 239–265). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  21. Schmidt, N.-H., Erek, K., Kolbe, L. M., & Zarnekow, R. (2009). Towards a procedural model for sustainable information systems management. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 42nd Hawaii international conference on system sciences 2009 (HICSS-42), Big Island, Hawaii.Google Scholar
  22. van der Aalst, W. M. P., ter Hofstede, A. H. M., & Weske, M. (2003). Business process management: A survey. In W. M. P. van der Aalst, A. H. M. ter Hofstede, & M. Weske (Eds.), BPM 2003 (LNCS, Vol. 2678, pp. 1–12). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  23. van Lamsweerde, A. (2001). Goal-oriented requirements engineering: A guided tour. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 5th IEEE international symposium on requirements engineering, Toronto, ON.Google Scholar
  24. Watson, R. T., Boudreau, M.-C., & Chen, A. J. (2010). Information systems and environmentally sustainable development: Energy informatics and new directions for the IS community. MIS Quarterly, 34(1), 23–38.Google Scholar
  25. Wikström, P.-A. (2010). Sustainability and organizational activities – Three approaches. Sustainable Development, 18(2), 99–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. World Commission on Environment and Development. (1987). Our common future. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Yu, E. S. K., & Mylopoulos, J. (1995). From ER to ‘AR’-modelling strategic actor relationships for business process reengineering. International Journal of Cooperative Information Systems, 4(2–3), 125–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Constantin Houy
    • 1
  • Markus Reiter
    • 1
  • Peter Fettke
    • 1
  • Peter Loos
    • 1
  • Konstantin Hoesch-Klohe
    • 2
  • Aditya Ghose
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Information Systems (IWi)German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) GmbH and Saarland UniversitySaarbrückenGermany
  2. 2.Computer Science and Software EngineeringUniversity of WollongongWollongongAustralia

Personalised recommendations