Initiation of Dialysis

  • Ahmad Taher Azar
  • Alicja E. Grzegorzewska
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 404)


The function of the kidney system is to remove waste products of human metabolism and to eliminate extra fluids. When end-stage renal disease (ESRD) occurs, renal replacement therapy (RRT) - dialysis, transplantation - is required. There are two types of dialysis treatment: extracorporeal blood purification (mainly hemodialysis) and intracorporeal blood purification (peritoneal dialysis). All patients with ESRD should be considered for kidney transplantation. Patients without absolute contraindications should be placed on the transplant waiting list, and receive a kidney, if possible. Patients should be educated about each procedure of RRT.


Kidney Function Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Hemodialysis (HD) Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (CRRT) Kidney Transplantation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computer and Software Engineering Department Faculty of EngineeringMisr University for Science & Technology (MUST)6th of October CityEgypt
  2. 2.Poznañ University of Medical SciencesPoznañPoland

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