Mathematical SETI pp 239-246 | Cite as

# Societal statistics by the statistical Drake equation

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## Abstract

As we know, the Drake equation, first proposed by Frank D. Drake in 1961, is the foundational equation of SETI.

## Keywords

Probability Density Function Lognormal Distribution Bell System Technical Journal Societal Statistic Habitable Planet
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## References

- 1.Wikipedia 2011 site about the Drake equation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drake_equation
- 2.Carl Sagan,
*Cosmos*, Random House, New York, 1983. See pp. 298–302 in particular.Google Scholar - 3.Claudio Maccone, “The statistical Drake equation,” paperdIAC-08-A4.1.4 presented on October 1, 2008, at the
*59th International Astronautical Congress (IAC) held in Glasgow, Scotland, U.K., September 29–October 3, 2008*.Google Scholar - 4.Claudio Maccone, “The statistical Drake equation,”
*Acta Astronautica*, 67 (2010), 1366– 1383. This was a special*Acta Astronautica*volume edited by John Elliott which collected all the papers presented at the*First IAA Symposium on “Searching for Life Signatures”, UNESCO, Paris, September 22–26, 2008*.Google Scholar - 5.Claudio Maccone, “The statistical Drake equation and A. M. Lyapunov’s theorem: Problems in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, Part I,”
*International Scientific Journal “Actual Problems of Aviation and Aerospace Systems”*,**1**(32), volume 16, 2011, 38–63. This is essentially a Russian translation of [4].Google Scholar - 6.Claude E. Shannon, “A mathematical theory of communication,”
*Bell System Technical Journal*,**27**, 379–423, 623–656, 1948.Google Scholar - 7.Stephen H. Dole,
*Habitable Planets for Man*, First Edition, 1964, RAND Corporation. See p. 82 in particular (i.e., the beginning of Chapter 5 entitled “Probability of occurrence of habitable planets”).Google Scholar - 8.Athanasios Papoulis and S. Unnikrishna Pillai,
*Probability, Random Variables and Stochastic Processes*, Fourth Edition, Tata/McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2002. See pp. 186–187 in particular.Google Scholar - 9.Claudio Maccone, “Societal statistics by virtue of the statistical Drake equation,” paper dIAC-10.A4.2.8, presented at the
*61st International Astronautical Congress (IAC), Prague, Czech Republic, September 27–October 1, 2010*, later published in*Acta Astronautica*, available online November 21, 2011.Google Scholar

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