Introduction: Basics of Kidney Physiology

  • Anita T. Layton
  • Aurélie Edwards
Part of the Lecture Notes on Mathematical Modelling in the Life Sciences book series (LMML)


The kidney not only filters metabolic wastes and toxins from the body, but it also regulates the body’s water balance, electrolyte balance, and acid-base balance, blood pressure, and blood flow. This chapter introduces basic kidney anatomy, with a focus on the nephron and the renal microcirculation.


Distal Convoluted Tubule Outer Medulla Afferent Arteriole Efferent Arteriole Outer Stripe 
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  3. Kriz, W., Schnermann, J., Koepsell, H.: The position of short and long loops of Henle in the rat kidney. Z Anat Entwickl-Gesch 138, 301–319 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anita T. Layton
    • 1
  • Aurélie Edwards
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers ERL 8228, UMRS 1138 Equipe 3ParisFrance

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