Pole-to-Pole Gene Flow in Protozoan Ciliates

  • Graziano Di GiuseppeEmail author
  • Fernando Dini
  • Claudio Alimenti
  • Adriana Vallesi
  • Pierangelo Luporini
Part of the From Pole to Pole book series (POLE)


Microorganisms represent the smallest but arguably most important component of the ocean life. They are essential to all nutrient cycles because they form the bottom of the marine food chain and outnumber all other marine species by orders of magnitude.


Mating Type Marine Food Chain Ciliate Species Genetic Continuity Antarctic Strain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors acknowledge the financial support from the Programma Nazionale di Ricerche in Antartide (PNRA) and Dr. Martha Dunbar for helpful suggestions in the English revision of the text.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graziano Di Giuseppe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fernando Dini
    • 1
  • Claudio Alimenti
    • 2
  • Adriana Vallesi
    • 2
  • Pierangelo Luporini
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di BiologiaUniversity of PisaPisaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali e NaturaliUniversity of CamerinoCamerinoItaly

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