Southern Ocean Evolution in a Global Context: A Molecular Viewpoint

  • Jan M. StrugnellEmail author
  • A. Louise Allcock
Part of the From Pole to Pole book series (POLE)


Molecular data can be used to pinpoint both contemporary and historical forces acting on biota but until recently such data have been largely obtained only from vertebrates, such as penguins (Baker et al. 2006), fish (Kuhn and Gaffney 2006; Rogers et al. 2006), and seals (Curtis et al. 2009), whose mobile adult stages are less affected by the barriers imposed by abiotic forces than are invertebrates. Exceptions include research focused on commercially important pelagic taxa, primarily krill (Goodall-Copestake et al. 2010; Batta-Lona et al. 2011). The few early studies on benthic invertebrates indicated the potential use of molecular data in interpretation of Antarctic speciation and connectivity by providing evidence of limited gene flow (Allcock et al. 1997), endemic radiation (Held 2000), cryptic speciation (Held 2003) and historical connectivity between the Antarctic and other oceans (Lörz and Held 2004).


Southern Ocean Polar Front Antarctic Circumpolar Current Drake Passage Brittle Star 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This is a contribution to the SCAR EBA programme.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeneticsLa Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe UniversityBundooraAustralia
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyRyan Institute, National University of Ireland GalwayGalwayIreland

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