From War to Peace: Italy’s National Research Council

  • Angelo Guerraggio
  • Giovanni Paoloni


As we have seen, the opportunity to create the National Research Council was provided by the war. Nevertheless, even before the armistice, there were some who believed that its primary focus ought to be shifted from military activities to those of industry. Hale wanted the new agency to become a permanent organisation for promoting and coordinating scientific work, in collaboration with industrial complexes and their needs. In 1919, he wrote: ‘The Academy organized the National Research Council … with a view to stimulating the growth of science and its application to industry, and particularly with a view to the co-ordinating of research agencies for the sake of enabling the United States, in spite of its democratic and individualistic organization, to bend its energies effectively toward a common purpose’.


National Research Council Foreign Affair Rockefeller Foundation Scientific Cooperation German Mathematician 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Decision SciencesUniversity of BocconiMilanoItaly
  2. 2.“La Sapienza”University of RomeRomeItaly

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