Lips, Teeth, Chin, and Smile Analysis

  • Fabio Meneghini
  • Paolo Biondi


The basic elements of dental occlusion need to be known because of the important role played by the dental structures in supporting and shaping the lower third of the face. The sagittal, vertical, and transversal relationship of the two arches during occlusion, as well as any crowding, loss, or abnormal shape of the teeth should be noted as a matter of routine during the direct facial lower third examination.


Dental Arch Profile View Dental Occlusion Frontal Tooth Display Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabio Meneghini
    • 1
  • Paolo Biondi
    • 2
  1. 1.Aesthetic and Maxillofacial SurgeryPadovaItaly
  2. 2.Maxillofacial SurgeryForlìItaly

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