Robust Blind Watermarking Scheme for Digital Images Based on Discrete Fractional Random Transform

  • Youngseok Lee
  • Jongweon Kim
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 263)


This paper proposes a robust blind watermarking scheme for digital images based on discrete fractional random transform, a generalization of the discrete fractional Fourier transform with intrinsic randomness. The proposed watermarking scheme can be easily used to embed and extract a watermark and it provides strong information security because of its inherent randomness. Experimental results obtained by subjecting the watermark to several types of attacks reveal that it is robust against frequency and geometric attacks, thus verifying its effectiveness.


blind watermarking scheme discrete fractional random transform information 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Cox, I., Kilian, J., Shammon, T.: Secure spread spectrum watermarking for images, audio and video. In: Proc. ICIP 1996, Lausanne, pp. 243–246 (1996)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Guo, J., Liu, Z., Liu, S.: Watermarking based on discrete fractional random transform. Optical Communications 272(2), 344–348 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Liu, Z., Zhao, H., Liu, S.: A discrete fractional random transform. Optical Communications 255(4-6), 357–365 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Vatsa, M., Singh, R., Noore, A., Houck, M.M., Morries, K.: Robust biometric image watermarking for fingerprint and face template protection. IEICE Electron Express 3(2), 23–28 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chun-Shien, L.: Multimedia security: Steganography and digital watermarking techniques for protection of intellectual property. IGP, London (2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Youngseok Lee
    • 1
  • Jongweon Kim
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Electronic EngineeringChungwoon UniversityHongsung-EupKorea
  2. 2.Dept. of Copyright ProtectionSangmyung UniversitySeoulKorea

Personalised recommendations