Gas Flow

  • Ashok Singh
  • Olaf Kolditz
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering book series (LNCSE, volume 86)


The subject of this chapter is the movement of gases in porous media. In contrast to groundwater hydraulics, gas flow is more complicated because of its compressibility. Significant variations in gas density and viscosity can result also from temperature fluctuations (so-called Klinkenberg effect). According to the kinetic theory of gases, its viscosity should not depend on pressure. This is not necessarily the case for conditions typically existing in natural gas reservoirs [121]. At a fixed temperature, the viscosity of gas can vary by tens of percents as the formation pressure changes by a few Mega Pascale. Another problem concerns the evidence of turbulent flow, which results in additional friction effects.


Porous Medium Specific Heat Capacity Compressible Fluid Isothermal Flow Isothermal Case 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 121.
    H D Voigt and M Lauterbach. Druckaufbaumessungen an Gas-Sonden. Technical report, Zentrales Geologisches Institut, Berlin, 1985. Haefner et al. Geohydrodynamische Erkundung von Erdoel-, Ergas- und Grundwasserlagerstaetten.Google Scholar
  2. 122.
    M Muskat. The flow of homogenous fluids through porous media. J.W. Edwards Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1nd edition, 1937.Google Scholar
  3. 123.
    I.S. Leibenzon. The flow of natural fluids in porous media (in Russian). Gostekizdat, 1947.Google Scholar
  4. 124.
    V.I. Aravin and S. N. Numerov. Theory of fluid flow in undeformable porous media. Israel Program for Scientific Translations, 1965.Google Scholar
  5. 125.
    C I McDermott, A L Randriamanjatosoa, H Tenzer, and O Kolditz. Simulation of heat extraction from crystalline rocks: The influence of coupled processes on differential reservoir cooling. Geothermics, 35(3):321–344, 2006.Google Scholar
  6. 126.
    R C Reid, J M Prausnitz, and B E Poling. The properties of liquids and gases. McGraw-Hill, 1988.Google Scholar
  7. 127.
    A I Zografos, W A Martin, and J E Sunderland. Equations of properties as a function of temperature for seven fluids. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 61:177–187, 1987.Google Scholar
  8. 128.
    N B Vargaftik, J K Vinogradov, and V S Jargin. Handbook of physical properties of liquids and gases: Pures substances and mixtures. Begell House, Redding, 1996.Google Scholar
  9. 129.
    W. Wang and O. Kolditz. Object-oriented finite element analysis of thermo-hydro-mechanical (thm) problems in porous media. Int. J. Numerical Methods in Engineering, 69(1):162–201, 2007.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 130.
    Singh AK, Göerke U-J and Kolditz O. Numerical simulation of non-isothermal compositional gas flow: Application to carbon dioxide injection into gas reservoirs. Energy, 36(5):3446 –3458, 2011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashok Singh
    • 1
  • Olaf Kolditz
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental InformaticsHelmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ)LeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Informatics, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ)Technische Universität Dresden (TUD)LeipzigGermany

Personalised recommendations