Reconfiguration of Distribution Systems for Loss Reduction Using the Harmony Search Algorithm

  • A. Y. Abdelaziz
  • Reham A. Osama
  • S. M. El-Khodary
  • Bijaya Ketan Panigrahi
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7076)


This paper introduces the Harmony Search (HS) algorithm to solve the distribution network minimum loss reconfiguration problem. The HS is an emerging music-based meta-heuristic optimization algorithm. It is a population-based approach which mimics musicians’ behaviors such as random play, memory-based play, and pitch-adjusted play when they perform improvisation. The HS algorithm is simple in concept, less in parameters, and easy in implementation. The optimization problem is formulated taking into account the operational constraints of the distribution systems. Results of numerical tests carried out on a 69-bus system from literature are presented to show the effectiveness of the proposed approach.


Harmony Search Final Configuration Loss Reduction Harmony Search Algorithm Harmony Memory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Merlin, Back, H.: Search for a minimal-loss operating spanning tree configuration in an urban power distribution system. In: 5th Power System Computation Conf. (PSCC), Cambridge, UK, pp. 1–18 (1975)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Enacheanu, B., Raison, B., Caire, R., Devaux, O., Bienia, W., Hadjsaid, N.: Radial network reconfiguration using genetic algorithm based on the matroid theory. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 23(1), 186–195 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Abdelaziz, A.Y., Mohamed, F.M., Mekhamer, S.F., Badr, M.A.L.: Distribution systems reconfiguration using a modified particle swarm optimization algorithm. Elec. Power Sys. Res. 79(11), 1521–1530 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jeon, Y.-J., Kim, J.-C., Kim, J.-O., Shin, J.-R., Lee, K.Y.: An efficient simulated annealing algorithm for network reconfiguration in large-scale distribution systems. IEEE Trans. Power Del. 17(4), 1070–1078 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chiang, H.D., Jean Jumeau, R.: Optimal Network Reconfigurations in Distribution Systems: Part 2. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery 5(3) (1990)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Abdelaziz, A.Y., Mohamed, F.M., Mekhamer, S.F., Badr, M.A.L.: Distribution system reconfiguration using a modified Tabu Search algorithm. Elec. Power Syst. Res. 80(8), 943–953 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sarfi, R.J., Salama, M.M.A., Chikhani, A.Y.: A survey of the state of the art in distribution system reconfiguration for system loss reduction. Elec. Power Systems Research 31, 61–70 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pan, Q.-K., Suganthan, P.N., Tasgetiren, M.F., Liang, J.J.: A Self-Adaptive Global Best Harmony Search Algorithm for Continuous Optimization Problems. Applied Mathematics and Computation 216(3), 830–848 (2010)MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pan, Q.-K., Suganthan, P.N., Liang, J.J., Tasgetiren, M.F.: A Local-Best Harmony Search Algorithm with Dynamic Subpopulations. Engineering Optimization 42(2), 101–117 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shirmohammadi, D., Hong, H.W.: A compensation-based power flow method for weakly meshed distribution and transmission networks. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 3 (1988)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Geem, Z.W., Kim, J.H., Loganathan, G.V.: A new heuristic optimization algorithm: Harmony search. Simulation 76, 60–68 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Geem, Z.W.: Music-Inspired Harmony Search Algorithm. Studies in Computational Intelligence 191 (2009)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Srinivasa Rao, R., Narasimham, S.V.L., Raju, M.R., Srinivasa Rao, A.: Optimal Network Reconfiguration of Large-Scale Distribution System Using Harmony Search Algorithm. In: IEEE Trans. on Power Systems (accepted for publication- article in press)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Y. Abdelaziz
    • 1
  • Reham A. Osama
    • 1
  • S. M. El-Khodary
    • 1
  • Bijaya Ketan Panigrahi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electrical Power & Machines, Faculty of EngineeringAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Electrical EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyDelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations