Advertisement

Article 6: Rights of Parties at the National Level

  • Ivan Bernier
Chapter

Abstract

Article 6 basically transposes at the national level the general rule on rights and obligations found in Article 5. During the negotiations, many delegations expressed the view that the general rule on rights and obligations found in Article 5 was a vital element of the proposed Convention. In the text of the Convention that was finally adopted, the importance of the statement concerning the sovereign right of States to formulate and implement their cultural policies in the Convention could not have been made clearer. It appears in Article 1 as a goal of the Convention, in Article 2 as a principle of the Convention and again in Article 5, where it is more fully developed as a right reaffirmed by the Convention. The right in question is not a new right created by the Convention. It is part and parcel of one of the most basic principles of customary international law, that of State sovereignty, which was to become, after the Second World War, one of the pillars of the Charter of the United Nations.

Keywords

Informal Sector Cultural Industry Cultural Expression Cultural Policy Entrepreneurial Spirit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Adlung, R. (2007). Negotiations on safeguards and subsidies in services: A never-ending story? Journal of International Economic Law, 10(2), 235–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bangasser, P. E. (2000). The ILO and the informal sector: an institutional history. Employment Paper 2000/9. ILO.Google Scholar
  3. Barlet, O. (2006). Cinema: An audience but no market. http://www.sudplanete.net/?menu=arti&no=5851.
  4. Bernier, I. (2004). Local content requirements for film, radio, and television as a means of protecting cultural diversity: Theory and reality. http://www.diversite-culturelle.qc.ca/index.php?id=133&L=1.
  5. Chowdhory, H. U. (2005). Development of the concept of the informal sector. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 3(5), 724–732.Google Scholar
  6. Council of Europe (June 2009). The role of independent productions in promoting cultural diversity. CoE Doc. H/Inf (2009)8 of June 2009. http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/standardsetting/media/Doc/H-Inf(2009)8_en.pdf.
  7. European Commission. (2009). Audiovisual and media policies. Study on Articles 3i, 4 and 5 of the Audiovisual Media Services Directive. Final study report. http://ec.europa.eu/avpolicy/docs/library/studies/art4_5/final_report.pdf.
  8. Fassbender, B., & Bleckmann, A. (2002). Article 2 (1). In B. Simma (Ed.), The Charter of the United Nations. A commentary (pp. 68–91). München: C. H. Beck.Google Scholar
  9. Gauthier, G., et al. (2000). Déjà vu or new beginning for safeguards and subsidies rules in services trade. In P. Sauvé & R. M. Stern (Eds.), GATS 2000: New directions in services trade liberalization (pp. 165–183). Washington, DC: Centre for Business and Government, Harvard University and Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
  10. ILO. (1972). Employment, incomes and equality. A strategy for increasing productive employment in Kenya. Geneva: ILO.Google Scholar
  11. ILO. (2000). Employment and social protection in the informal sector. A thematic evaluation of the urban informal sector: ILO action and perspectives. ILO Doc. GB.277/ESP/1/1 of March 2000.Google Scholar
  12. Kakabadse, M. A. (1995). The WTO and the commodification of cultural products: Implications for Asia. Media Asia, 22(2), 71–77.Google Scholar
  13. Ministère de la Culture et Communication Français. (1999). Sommaire du Rapport au Parlement 1999. Les quotas de diffusion d’œuvres européennes et francophones à la télévision. http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/dglf/rapport/1999/quotas-diffusion.html.
  14. de Soto, H. (1989). The other path: The economic answer to terrorism. New York: Harper Collins.Google Scholar
  15. UN. (2003). Handbook on non-profit institutions in the system of national accounts. New York: UN.Google Scholar
  16. Union des Créateurs et Entrepreneurs du Cinéma et de l’Audiovisuel de l’Afrique de l’Ouest. (2005). Produire et diffuser des films de manière autonome: l’expérience du Nigéria et du Ghana, Troisièmes rencontres “Beaune to Bamako”. http://www.ucecao.com/Beaune_to_Bamako.htm.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.QuebecCanada

Personalised recommendations