Article 25: Settlement of Disputes

  • Ivan Bernier


Since the foundation of UNESCO in 1945, no less than 28 conventions have been negotiated and concluded under the auspices of the Organization. Of those, only eight include in their text a provision dealing specifically with the settlement of disputes between the Parties. Apparently, the members of UNESCO are not at ease with this type of provision and prefer to resolve their disputes in a consensual way. Even in the conventions that do include a provision on dispute settlement, the question, as we shall see, is addressed in a somewhat tentative way.


Good Faith Dispute Settlement Cultural Expression Cultural Policy Conciliation Procedure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bernier, I., & Latulippe, N. (2007). The International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions: Conciliation as a dispute resolution method in the cultural sector.
  2. Bernier, I., & Ruiz Fabri, H. (2006). Implementing the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of Cultural Expressions. Future actions.
  3. Brouder, A. (2005). The UNESCO Convention on Cultural Diversity: Treacherous treaty or a compassionate compact?.
  4. Charnovitz, S. (2001). Rethinking WTO trade sanctions. The American Journal of International Law, 95(4), 792–832.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cornu, G. (1992). Vocabulaire juridique. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  6. Hahn, M. (2006). A clash of cultures? The UNESCO Diversity Convention and international trade law. Journal of International Economic Law, 9(3), 515–552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Institut de Droit International. (1961). International conciliation.
  8. Leuprecht, P. (2005). The difficult acceptance of diversity. Vermont Law Review, 30(3), 551–564.Google Scholar
  9. Merrills, J. G. (2005). International dispute settlement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Schwartz, E. A. (2001). International conciliation and the ICC. ICSID Foreign Investment Law Review, 16(2), 98–119.Google Scholar
  11. von Glahn, G. (1976). Law among nations. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co.Google Scholar
  12. von Schorlemer, S. (2007). UNESCO dispute settlement. In A. A. Yusuf (Ed.), Standard-setting in UNESCO. Normative action in education, science and culture (Vol. I) (pp. 73–103). Paris: Martinus Nijhoff.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.QuebecCanada

Personalised recommendations