Some Aspects of the Baltic Sea Marine System

  • Anders Omstedt
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)


The development within science today is to integrate knowledge from many different disciplines addressing both environmental and climate change issues (e.g. BALTEX Phase II). As a part of this strategy, Earth System Models are now being developed. This implies that much of the coming model results need to be understood from a systems point of view. However, system understanding all relies on good process understanding. We may expect that process understanding will develop through improved knowledge within our special disciplines, such as air-sea interactions within meteorology, mixing processes within oceanography, acidification within chemistry and ecosystems within biology. However, understanding of how the processes interact and influence the state of the sea is strongly needed. This will require a deeper understanding of the whole system, challenging the interdisciplinary talents of scientists. The objective of the present chapter is to give an overview of the Baltic Sea as a marine system by illustrating some important processes that need to be involved in such an understanding.


River Runoff Total Alkalinity Total Inorganic Carbon Bottom Boundary Layer Conservation Principle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The lectures for this summer school and this book contribute to the BONUS+ project Baltic-C. The Baltic-C funding was from the European Community’s Seventh Framework Program (FP/2007–2013) under grant agreement 217246 made with the BONUS programme and from FORMAS. Useful comments on an earlier draft of this chapter were given by Kari Eilola and an anonymous reviewer.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of GothenburgGöteborgSweden

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