HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan: An Ecosystem Approach to the Management of Human Activities

Chapter
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)

Abstract

HELCOM is an intergovernmental organization dedicated to protecting the marine environment of the Baltic Sea from all sources of pollution. In 2007, the HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP) was adopted with the aim to radically reduce pollution to the Baltic Sea and reverse its degradation by 2021. The holistic plan embodies an ecosystem-based approach to the management of human activities and contains concrete actions to solve the major problems affecting the Baltic Sea, including a concept of maximum allowable input of nutrients that would allow reaching a good environmental status of the Baltic Sea as concerns eutrophication. The plan specifies milestones and compliance dates as well as a system of measurable parameters that make it possible to evaluate the efficiency of adopted measures, and progress towards reaching the desired state of the Baltic Sea. The environmental objectives and proposed cost-effective measures were defined using the best available scientific knowledge at the time, but because the action plan embraces the concept of adaptive management these will be periodically reviewed and revised using a harmonized approach and the most updated information available.

Keywords

European Union Adaptive Management Hazardous Substance International Maritime Organization Contracting Parti 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

BSAP

HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan

EC

European Community

EQR

Ecological Quality Ratio

EU

European Union

HELCOM

Helsinki Commission

IMO

International Maritime Organization

MSFD

Marine Strategy Framework Directive

NECD

EU National Emission Ceiling Directive

NEFCO

Nordic Environmental Finance Corporation

NIB

Nordic Investment Bank

OSPAR

Commission for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic

WFD

EU Water Framework Directive

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Helsinki CommissionHelsinkiFinland

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