Quantitative EEG for the Detection of Brain Ischemia

  • B. Foreman
  • J. Claassen
Part of the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (AUICEM, volume 2012)


Monitoring in most intensive care units (ICUs) is limited to continuous assessments of cardiopulmonary function, whereas brain monitoring has traditionally been limited to serial neurological examinations and infrequent imaging studies. Increasingly it is becoming clear that secondary neurological complications, such as seizures and brain ischemia, are also seen in the medical-surgical ICU population and are not limited to patients with primarily neurological injury. Electroencephalography (EEG) offers a continuous, real-time, non-invasive measure of brain function. Originally developed for the characterization of seizures and epilepsy, continuous EEG monitoring (cEEG) has been used for seizure detection in the ICU. Additionally, cEEG has been used as a method of identifying subclinical brain injury during neurosurgical procedures, such as carotid endarterectomy, and for ischemia detection, global function assessment, medication titration, and prognostication [1].


Cerebral Blood Flow Cerebral Ischemia Acute Ischemic Stroke Delayed Cerebral Ischemia Seizure Detection 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Foreman
  • J. Claassen

There are no affiliations available

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