NGAL Curve for the Early Diagnosis of AKI in Heart Failure Patients

  • C. Ronco
  • B. Noland
Part of the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (AUICEM, volume 2012)


There has been increasing interest of clinicians in the high frequency of acute kidney injury (AKI) in acute heart failure (AHF). The most important mechanism behind cardiorenal syndrome type 1 is frequently an iatrogenic derangement caused by inappropriate use of diuretics or other strategies to alleviate congestion such as extracorporeal ultrafiltration [1]. In the attempt to remove fluid overload, severe hemodynamic consequences may lead to renal hypoperfusion and AKI.


Acute Kidney Injury Heart Failure Patient Brain Natriuretic Peptide Acute Heart Failure Acute Decompensated Heart Failure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Ronco
  • B. Noland

There are no affiliations available

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