Experimental Investigation of Interaction of Shock Heated Test Gases with 7.25 μm Carbon Fibres in a Shock Tube

  • V. Jayaram
  • Keshava Subba Rao
  • R. Ramesh Babu
  • K. P. J. Reddy
Conference paper


Designing thermal protection system (TPS) is a challenging task for the success of re-entry space vehicles. The TPS may be ablative or non-ablative heat shield material which is subjected to very high thermal stress at the time of re-entry. The thermal behavior of thick ablating material is strongly related to the flight environment such as the impact pressure, enthalpy of the gas and heat transfer rate from shock layer. The function of the ablative heat shield is to reduce the temperature in the shock layer. Ablation causes the TPS layer to char and sublimate through the process of pyrolysis [1]. The pyrolysis gas produced in the reaction zone of ablator interior is injected into the shock layer and is expected to reduce the net heat flux near the surface. The composite materials using ceramic matrix with high temperature carbon fibers or carbon/carbon have been used for various applications for over three decades. Carbon composite maintains their strength in inert atmospheres up to about 2500 K [2]. The mechanical properties of the composites are affected by damage induced during the oxidation tests [3]. The modern composite materials are available in carbon/carbon composites, ceramic matrix composites made with silicon carbide, silicon nitride and alumina fibers.


Shock Tube Shock Layer Carbon Nitride Thermal Protection System Drive Section 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Suzuki, K., Kubota, H., Fujita, K., Abe, T.: Chemical nonequilibrium ablation analysis of MUSES-C superorbital reentry capsule. AIAA Paper 97-2481 (1997)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fitzer, E.: The future of carbon carbon composites. Carbon 2, 163 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhao, J.X., Brath, R.C., Walker Jr., P.L.: Effect of air oxidation at 873K on the mechanical properties of a Carbon Carbon composite. Carbon 1, 913 (1984)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gaydon, A.G., Hurle, I.R.: The shock tube in high temperature chemical physics, pp. 23–28. The Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York (1963)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lee, Y.-S., Lee, B.-K., Rho, J.-S.: The physicochemical characteristics of modified carbon fibers by fluorination. Korean J. Chem. Eng. 20(1), 151–156 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wang, J., Zhao, F., Hu, Y., Zhao, R., Liu, R.: Modification of activated carbon fiber by loading metals and their performance on SO2 removal. Chinese J. Chem Eng. 14(4), 478–485 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dandekar, A., Baker, R.T.K., Vannice, M.A.: Characterization of activated carbon, graphitized carbon fibers and synthetic diamond powder using TPD and DRIFTS. Carbon 36(12), 1821–1831 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Jayaram
    • 1
  • Keshava Subba Rao
    • 2
  • R. Ramesh Babu
    • 3
  • K. P. J. Reddy
    • 3
  1. 1.Solid State and Structural Chemistry UnitIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Haldipur HydraulieksBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Department of Aerospace EngineeringIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations