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Compact Conformally Flat Hypersurfaces

  • Manfredo do Carmo
  • Marcos Dajczer
  • Francesco Mercuri
Chapter

Abstract

Roughly speaking, a conformal space is a differentiable manifold \(M^n\)in which the notion of angle of tangent vectors at a point \(p \in M^n\)makes sense and varies differentiably with p; two such spaces are (locally) equivalent if they are rela ted by an angle-preserving (local) diffeomorphism. A conformally flat space is a conformal space locally equivalent to the euclidean space R n. A submanifold of a conformally flat space is said to be conformally flat if so its induced conformal structure: in particular, if the codimension is one, it is called a conformally flat hypersurface. The aim of this paper is to give a description of compact conformally flat hypersurfaces of a conformally flat space. For simplicity, as~ume the ambient space to be R n+1. Then, if \(n \geqslant 4\), a conformally flat hypersurface \({M}^{n} \subset {R}^{n+1}\) 1 can be described as follows. Diffeomorphically, M n is a sphere S n with h1( M) handles attached, where h1 ( M) is the first Betti number of M. Geometrically, it is made up by (perhaps infinitely many) nonumbilic submanifolds of R n+1 that are foliated by complete round (n – 1 )-spheres and are joined through their boundaries to the following three types of umbilic submanifolds of R n+1: (a) an open piece of an n-sphere or an n-plane bounded by round ( n – 1 )-sphere, (b) a round ( n – 1 )-sphere, (c) a point.

Keywords

Riemannian Manifold Local Orientation Betti Number Conformal Space Flat Space 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manfredo do Carmo
    • 1
  • Marcos Dajczer
    • 1
  • Francesco Mercuri
    • 2
  1. 1.IMPARio de JaneiroBrasil
  2. 2.Instituto de Matemática, UNICAMPSãO PauloBrasil

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