Magnetism of Atoms

Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 158)

Abstract

The magnetic moments of magnetic materials originate from magnetic moments of the atoms. The hyperfine interactions have important applications in magnetism. This chapter introduces the basic theories relating to atomic magnetism and hyperfine interactions in atom. It contains the sections of Electron configuration of atom; Term and multiplet; Intrinsic magnetic moment and gyromagnetic ratio of atom; Paramagnetism and diamagnetism of atom; Exchange interaction in He atom; Exchange interaction in \(\mathrm{ {H}}_{2}\) molecule; and Hyperfine interactions in atom; and Appendices 4 to 6.

Keywords

Angular Momentum Hyperfine Interaction Orbital Angular Momentum Contact Term Gyromagnetic Ratio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    J.C. Slater, Quantum Theory of Atomic Structure (McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1960)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G.H. Dieke, Spectra and Energy Levels of Rare-Earth Ions in Crystals (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1969)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D.R. Lide, et al., Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd edn. (CRC Press, London, 2002–2003)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    O. Danielsen, P.-A. Lindgard, Quantum Mechanical Operator Equivalent used in the Theory of Magnetism (Danish Atomic Energy Commission, Denmark, 1972)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsJilin UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Advanced Inst. Materials ResearchTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

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