Unsolved Mystery of Ball Lightning

  • V. L. Bychkov
Part of the Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics book series (SSAOPP, volume 68)


Ball lightning is an unusual phenomenon always drawing attention of people. There are still questions about its origination, features, interaction with environment, and phenomena related to it. On a way of studying this phenomenon, there are a lot of difficulties, the basic of them is insufficiency of authentic, scientific data. The chapter sets as the purpose to interest the reader in the problem, to describe conditions of ball lightning occurrence, theories, and its hypotheses explanation, to include readers in a circle of experimental searches in creation of a ball lightning and its analogues, and to describe fascination of a problem and difficulty of its solution.


Porous Silicon Metallic Powder Recombination Time Ball Lightning Oxide Cover 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    S. Singer, The Nature of Ball Lightning(Plenum, New York, 1971)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.D. Barry, Ball Lightning and Bead Lightning(Plenum, New York, 1980)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R.A. Leonov, Ball Lightning Enigma(Nauka, Moscow, 1965) (In Russian)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.V. Lomonosov, in Selected Works on Chemistry and Physics(AS USSR Publishers, Moscow 1961), pp. 220–256 (In Russian)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    F. Arago, Annuaire au roi par le bureau des longitudes, Notices Scient. 221 (1838)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. Brand, Der Kugelblitz(Verlag von H. Grand, Hamburg, 1923)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P.L. Kapitsa, Phys. Blatter. 14, 11 (1958)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    P.L. Kapitsa, Sov. Phys. JETP. 30, 973 (1970)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J.R. McNally Jr, Oak-Ridge Nat. Lab. Report N. ORNL3938 (1966)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    W.D. Rayle, NASA Techn. NOTE-D- 3188 (1966)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    I.P. Stakhanov, The Physical Nature of Ball Lightning(Atomizdat, Moscow, 1979) (CEGB translation (p. 227) CE 8224)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. Egely, Hungarian ball lightning observation. Budapest: Centr. Research. Inst. Physics. Hung. Acad. Sci. KFKI-1987–10/D, (1987)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A.I. Grigorjev, Ball Lightning(YarGU publishers, Yaroslavl, 2006) (In Russian)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Stenhoff, Ball Lightning. An Unsolved Problem in Atmospheric Physics(Kluwer, New York, 1999)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    V. Bychkov, A. Nikitin, G. Dijkhuis, in The Atmosphere and Ionospher: Dynamics, Processes and Monitoring, ed. by V. Bychkov, G. Golubkov, A. Nikitin (Springer, Heidelberg, 2010), pp. 201–373Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    B.M. Smirnov, Phys. Rep. 152, 178 (1987)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    B.M. Smirnov, Problem of Ball Lightning(Nauka, Moscow, 1988) (In Russian)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    W.R. Corliss, Nandbook of Unusual Natural Phenomena(Gramercy Books, New York, 1995)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    G.U. Likhosherstnykh, Tekhnika Molodezhi. N.3. 38 (1983) (In Russian)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    V.L. Bychkov, in Proceedings of 9th International Symposium on Ball Lightning (ISBL06)(Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 2006), pp. 18–25Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    G.P. Shelkunov, A.I. Nikitin, V.L. Bychkov, T.F. Nikitina, A.M. Velichko, A.L. Vasiliev, in Proceedings of 10th International Symposium on Ball Lightning (ISBL08)and 3rd International Symposium on Unconventional Plasmas (ISUP 08)(Kaliningrad, Russia, 2008), pp. 127–134Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. Abrahamson, A.V. Bychkov, V.L. Bychkov, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. 360(1790), 11 (2002)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    G. Egely, in Science of Ball Lightning (Fire Ball), ed. by Y.-H. Ohtsuki (World Science, Singapore, 1989), pp. 19–30Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    M.T. Dmitriev, B.I. Bakhtin, B.I. Martynov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 26, 1518 (1981)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    N.G. Nikolayev, Scientific vacuum. NPK “RITAL”, Tomsk (1998) (In Russian)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. Ol’khovatov, Tunguska Phenomenon of 1908(Binom, Moscow, 2008) (In Russian)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    B.M. Smirnov, Excited Atoms(Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 1982) (In Russian)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    V.V. Gorskyi, P.Ya. Nosatenko, Mathematical Modeling of Thermal and Mass Exchange Processes at Aero-Thermal-Chemical Destruction of Composite Heat Protecting Materials on Silica Base(Nauchnyi mir Publishers, Moscow, 2008) (In Russian)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    B.M. Smirnov, Phys. Rep. 224, 151 (1993)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    J. Abrahamson, J. Dinniss, Nature 403, 519 (2000)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. Abrahamson, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. 360, 61 (2002)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    V. Bychkov, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38(12), 3289 (2010)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    N.N. Greenwood, A. Ernshaw, Chemistry of Elements(BINOM, Moscow, 2008) (In Russian) (available in English)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    P.F. Pokhil, A.F. Belyaev, Yu.V. Frolov et al., Combustion of Powder – Type Metals in Active Media(Nauka Publishers, Moscow, 1972) (English translation FTD-MT-24–551–73(1972))Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Y.P. Raizer, Gas Discharge Physics(Springer, Berlin, 1991)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    R.F. Avramenko, V.L. Bychkov, A.I. Klimov, O.A. Sinkevich (eds.), Ball Lightning in a Laboratory(Khimiya, Moscow, 1994) (In Russian)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    H. Ofuruton, Y.-H. Ohtsuki, Il Nuovo Cimento 13C(4), 761 (1990)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    K.L. Corum, J.F. Corum, ICBL Article Series N. 1992/1. For Submission to 2nd International Symposium on Ball Lightning, Budapest, Hungary, 26–29 June 1990Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    N. Tesla, Colorado Springs Notes 1899–1900(Nolit, Beograd, 1978)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    P.A Silberg, Appl. Phys. 49, 1111 (1978)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    G. C. Dijkhuis, in Proceedings IX International Wroclaw Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Wroslaw, 1988, P. 166Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    R.K. Golka Jr., J. Geoph. Res. 99(D5), 10679–10681 (1994)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    S.E. Emelin, V.S. Semenov, V.L. Bychkov, N.K. Belisheva, A.P. Kovshyk, Tech. Phys. 42(3), 269 (1997)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    V.L. Bychkov, A.V. Bychkov, I.B. Timofeev, Tekh. Phys. 49(1), 128 (2004)Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    E.V. Konev, Physical Grounds of Plant Materials Combustion(Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1977) (In Russian)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    S.K. Lazarouk, A.V. Dolbik, V.A. Labunov, V.E. Borisenko, JETP Lett. 84(11), 581 (2006)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    G.S. Paiva, A.C. Pavo, E.A. de Vasconcelos, O. Mendes Jr., E.F. da Silva Jr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 048501-1 (2007)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    V. Dikhtyar, E. Jerby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 045002-1 (2006)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    K.D. Stephan, N. Massey, J. Atmos. Solar-terr. Phys. 70, 1589 (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. L. Bychkov
    • 1
  1. 1.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations