Fennoscandian Land Uplift: Past, Present and Future

  • Juhani KakkuriEmail author
Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences book series (LNESS, volume 137)


Many a renowned Nordic scientist has studied the Fennoscandian land uplift phenomenon intensively during the last past centuries, among them the Swede Gerard de Geer, who in the end of the nineteenth century proved that it is a residual rebound phenomenon from Ice Age, and the Finnish geologist Wilhelm Ramsay, who separated the concepts of isostatic land uplift and eustatic sea level rise. According to studies performed, numerous geophysical factors influence on the height of sea level as well as on the velocity of land uplift. Eustatic rise is the most important of them. The other factors are isostatic change in the Earth’s crust, changes in the gravity field due to the melt of continental glaciers, thermal expansion of sea water, slow changes in the volume of sea basin, and the influence of weather conditions.


Gravity Field Bouguer Anomaly Gravimetric Geoid Land Uplift Height System 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Finnish Geodetic InstituteMasalaFinland

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