Aerosols and Climate Change

  • Markku KulmalaEmail author
  • Ilona Riipinen
  • Veli-Matti Kerminen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences book series (LNESS, volume 137)


Climate change is probably the most crucial human-driven environmental problem: the humankind has changed the global radiative balance by changing the atmospheric composition. However, we do not know exactly how rapidly and in which way the global climate is changing. We know even less about what will happen to regional climate in the future. Aerosol particles and clouds can cool the climate, and therefore they counter the warming effect of greenhouse gases. Unfortunately, the effect of aerosols and clouds on radiative balance is currently uncertain, although – in recent years – scientific efforts have been able to improve our understanding.


Aerosol Particle Gross Primary Production Atmospheric Aerosol Soot Particle Particle Number Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markku Kulmala
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ilona Riipinen
    • 1
  • Veli-Matti Kerminen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUnivesity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Finnish Meteorological InstituteHelsinkiFinland

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