Initial Formation of Trust: Designing an Interaction with Geminoid-DK to Promote a Positive Attitude for Cooperation

  • Elizabeth G. Dougherty
  • Henrik Scharfe
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7072)


In this paper we present a study of how touch may be used as a way of inducing trust in the meeting with a teleoperated android, the Geminoid-DK. The use of haptics with Gestalt-based ’Balance Theory’ is used as a persuasive design of the interaction between human and robot. Balance theory includes both cognition and affect as factors influencing motivated behavior, subsequently effecting judgments of trustworthiness. Haptic interactions have both conscious and unconscious implications for the receiver in this interaction, which we demonstrate by an experimental set-up, as well as through questionnaires and interview.


Geminoid android affect Balance Theory haptic communication persuasion teleoperation 


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth G. Dougherty
    • 1
  • Henrik Scharfe
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of CommunicationAalborg UniversityAalborg EastDenmark

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