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Clinical Relevance of Patch Test Reactions

  • Jean-Marie Lachapelle
  • Howard I. Maibach
Chapter

Abstract

Reading patch test results cannot be limited to scoring as positive or negative. Scoring in itself has no meaning if it is not linked in some way with the medical history of the patient. In other words, a positive patch test (and to some extent a negative patch test) has no interest if it is not labeled as relevant or nonrelevant. Incidentally, this concept is valid also for all laboratory investigations.

To diagnose allergic contact dermatitis, two significant steps should be considered:
  1. 1.

    Demonstrating the existence of contact allergy to one or several allergens

     
  2. 2.

    Demonstrating their clinical relevance

     

The first step is fulfilled when a positive patch test reaction deemed to reveal the presence of a genuine contact hypersensitivity is obtained. This involves assessing the morphology of the reaction and deciding whether it represents a true-positive allergic reaction as opposed to a false-positive one.

Keywords

Patch Test Allergic Contact Dermatitis Relevance Score Contact Allergy Material Safety Data Sheet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Marie Lachapelle
    • 1
  • Howard I. Maibach
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyCatholic University of LouvainBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Dermatology, School of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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