Theories for Innovative Thought and Communication

  • Yukio Ohsawa
  • Yoko Nishihara
Part of the Understanding Innovation book series (UNDINNO)


Creativity and innovation represented by invention and discovery are symbols of knowledge-based interactions between human beings. Human creativity has been studied using various approaches: the anagogic approach (Reichardt 1969), the educational approach (de Bono 1971; Gordon 1961), the psychoanalytic approach (Sternberg 1999), the computational psychology approach (Torance 1974), the social science approach (Simonton 1997), the congregative, developmental psychology, artificial intelligence, and cognitive approaches (Runco 1997), design science (Gero and Maher 1993), case studies, and practices (Ghiselin 1952 Wallance and Howard 1989). Of these, the cognitive approach is most useful for revealing the creative process in the human mind – that underlies all thought and communication related to innovation. Experimental methods based on the paradigm of cognitive psychology and observational methods like participant observation have been used to study the process of human creativity in detail.


Tacit Knowledge SECI Model Innovative Product Divergent Thinking Target Problem 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Engineering Department of Systems InnovationThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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