Biomimetics pp 19-45 | Cite as

Modeling of Contact Angle for a Liquid in Contact with a Rough Surface

  • Bharat Bhushan
Part of the Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering book series (BIOMEDICAL)


The surface atoms or molecules of liquids or solids have fewer bonds with neighboring atoms, and therefore, they have higher energy than similar atoms and molecules in the interior. This additional energy is characterized quantitatively by the surface tension or free surface energy γ, which is equal to the work that is required to create a unit area of the surface at a constant pressure and temperature.


Contact Angle Capillary Wave Static Contact Angle Contact Angle Hysteresis Triple Line 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- and Nanotechnology and BiomimeticsOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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