Classical Theory of Consolidation for Saturated Porous Media

  • Yasuaki Ichikawa
  • A. P. S. Selvadurai


Soil is a mixture of a solid phase, a liquid phase (i.e., water) and a gaseous phase. Saturated soil is a two-phase material which consists of a solid phase and a liquid phase. The formulation of a theory for a saturated soil commenced with the concept of the effective stress of Terzaghi at the beginning of the twentieth century, and Terzaghi’s concept was extended by Biot to a three dimensional consolidation theory.


Pore Pressure Void Ratio Volumetric Strain Excess Pore Pressure Critical State Line 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasuaki Ichikawa
    • 1
  • A. P. S. Selvadurai
    • 2
  1. 1.Okayama UniversityOkayamaJapan
  2. 2.McGill UniversityMontréalCanada

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