This section provides an introduction to the basic ideas of systems theory as applied to living organisms which is an important part of theoretical biophysics. Originally, thermodynamics, as a universal theory of energetic basis of all movements in nature, and kinetics, as a theory of time courses of predicted processes, were considered as two separate theoretical approaches. Thermodynamics answers the questions: what are the reasons for, the driving force of, and the direction of a movement, and what, finally, is the equilibrium situation which will be arrived at if the energetic potentials are equilibrated? Kinetics, on the other hand, just studies the course of a given reaction, its time constants and rates, possible stationary states, stabilities, and oscillations.
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