Rheumatoid Arthritis

Chapter

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis is a fairly common systemic disease of multifarious and obscure etiologies, affecting primarily the synovial membranes of the joints in the appendicular and axial skeleton. It has a notorious predilection for the small joints of the hands and feet although the large joints of the wrists, knees, elbows, shoulders, and sternum are not exempted. The involvement is typically polyarticular and symmetrical. In the spine, the cervical vertebrae, particularly the atlantoaxial joint, are most commonly involved, and cervical involvement may or may not be accompanied by appendicular arthritis (Bland 1967). The prevalence rate estimated using the 1958 criteria of the American Rheumatism Association for definite rheumatoid arthritis varies from 0.3% to 1.5% (Wolfe 1968), and limited population studies performed in Europe and North America have indicated the incidence to range from 1% to 3%. A recent limited population study performed in Seoul has shown a prevalence rate of 1.5% (Bae SC, 2005, personal communication). Women are affected two to three times more frequently than men. Adults in any age may be affected, with the highest incidence occurring between the fifth and sixth decades of life.

Keywords

Rheumatoid Arthritis Tracer Uptake Early Rheumatoid Arthritis Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Insufficiency Fracture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Depart. of Nuclear Med. and RadiologySun Ae General HospitalSeoulKorea, Republic of

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