In this chapter, we describe and compare the different optimal approaches of the homotopy analysis method (HAM). A generalized optimal HAM is proposed, which logically contains the basic optimal HAM with only one convergence-control parameter and also the optimal HAM with an infinite number of parameters. It is found that approximations given by the optimal HAMs converge fast in general. Especially, the basic optimal HAM mostly gives good enough approximations. Thus, the optimal HAMs with a couple of convergence-control parameters are strongly suggested in practice.


Homotopy Analysis Method Pertur Bation Auxiliary Linear Operator Linear ODEs Illustrative Descri Ption 
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© Higher Education Press, Beijing and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shijun Liao
    • 1
  1. 1.Shanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

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