Epidemiology of Diabetes and Obesity in Pregnancy

  • Robert Lindsay


In the general population, increases in type 2 diabetes and obesity are apparent in many countries. In some societies, particularly the USA, rises have been very marked. Incidence of type 1 diabetes in childhood has also been noted to be increasing, albeit less dramatically. These secular trends have clear and important implications for those caring for women during pregnancy as the numbers of women with diabetes present before pregnancy will increase. Women with type 1 diabetes will likely have longer duration of disease by the time they fall pregnant. Type 2 diabetes, which in many countries was a relatively uncommon condition in pregnancy, is rapidly becoming commoner than type 1 diabetes as co-morbidity of pregnancy. Increases in obesity in the population will also increase the likelihood of gestational diabetes (diabetes with first onset or recognition in pregnancy). In this chapter, I will review secular increases in diabetes and obesity and how these increases have been translated into changes in the pregnant population.


Gestational Diabetes Perinatal Mortality Secular Trend International Diabetes Federation Diabetes Incidence 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.British Heart Foundation Glasgow Cardiovascular Research CentreUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK

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