Principles of Nuclear Medicine

  • Doina PiciuEmail author


This chapter contains definitions and brief explanations about the most important and relevant topics of nuclear physics, with impact in understanding principles of nuclear medicine. The basic structure of atom, the radioactivity, the processes of decays, and the general features of isotopes are described.


Atomic Number Alpha Particle Radioactive Decay Beta Decay Orbital Electron 
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Further Reading

  1. Beck NR (1976) Some essential characteristics of radioactive materials. In: Diagnostic nuclear medicine. Waverly Press Inc., BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  2. Bohr N (1913) On the constitution of atoms and molecules. Philos Mag 26:1–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cook ND (2010) Atomic and nuclear physics. In: Models of the atomic nucleus, 2nd edn. Springer, Berlin, HeidelbergCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cutnell JD, Kenneth WJ (1998) Physics, 4th edn. Wiley, Inc., New York, pp 910–930Google Scholar
  5. Emsley J (2001) Nature’s building blocks: an A-Z guide to the elements. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 422–425Google Scholar
  6. Gyorgy Hevesy (2011) The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1943
  7. IAEA (2006) Advances in medical radiation imaging for cancer diagnosis and treatment. Nucl Technol Rev 110–127Google Scholar
  8. Muggli ME, Ebbert JO, Robertson C et al (2008) Waking a sleeping giant: the tobacco industry’s response to the polonium-210 issue. Am J Public Health 98:1643–1650PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Palmer EL, Scott JA, Strauss HW (1992) Radiation and radionuclides. In: Practical nuclear medicine. WB Saunders Company, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc. Philadelphia, pp 1–26Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nuclear Medicine and Endocrine TumorsInstitute of Oncology Prof. Dr. Ion ChiricuţăCluj-NapocaRomania

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