• Peter Spieler
  • Matthias Rössle
Part of the Essentials of Diagnostic Pathology book series (ESSENTPATH)


Cytology of benign lesions and cholangio-/hepatocellular disorders of equivocal malignant potential is presented in the first section. All variants of hepatocellular carcinoma, and neuroendocrine neoplasms are main topics in the malignant section. Special emphasis is placed on the importance of immunocytochemical analyses in order to differentiate hepatocellular carcinoma from other primary liver tumors and to classify metastatic adenocarcinomas.

Cytodiagnostic algorithms of benign, equivocal and malignant findings in liver aspirates and respective differential diagnoses are additionally presented in synoptic setups.


Hepatocellular Carcinoma Neuroendocrine Tumor Microscopic Feature Focal Nodular Hyperplasia Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Spieler
    • 1
  • Matthias Rössle
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für PathologieKantonsspital St. GallenSt. GallenSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institut für Klinische PathologieUniversitätsSpital ZürichZürichSwitzerland

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