Breast

  • Peter Spieler
  • Matthias Rössle
Part of the Essentials of Diagnostic Pathology book series (ESSENTPATH)

Abstract

Over the past years, some of the major objectives of our institute - in collaboration with the breast centre of our hospital - was early detection of breast cancer, evaluation of small unclear mammary lesions, and evaluation of minimally enlarged lymph nodes by means of ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy. Thus, we gained extensive experience in cytodiagnostics of small, primary, and metastatic breast lesions, as well as in the rapid diagnostic approach.

Main focus in this chapter is on the distinction between benign-proliferative, atypical and malignant lesions, and on cellular criteria of mammary carcinomas which are described extensively. Advantages and disadvantages of liquid-based methods in breast cytology are also discussed. A smaller section is focused on cytodiagnostic problems of nipple discharge.

Cytodiagnostic algorithms of benign and malignant lesions and their respective differential diagnoses are presented in synoptic setups.

Keywords

Myoepithelial Cell Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology Nipple Discharge Granular Cell Tumor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Further Reading

Further Reading (Sect. 1.2)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Spieler
    • 1
  • Matthias Rössle
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für PathologieKantonsspital St. GallenSt. GallenSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institut für Klinische PathologieUniversitätsSpital ZürichZürichSwitzerland

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