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Klinische Methoden

  • Walter Nützenadel
  • Michael B. Krawinkel

Zusammenfassung

Die Anamnese kranker Kinder ist überwiegend eine Fremdanamnese der Mutter, des Vaters oder einer Pflegeperson. Mit dem Älterwerden und besonders in der Pubertät wächst der Anspruch des kindlichen Patienten, das Gespräch selbst zu gestalten.

Literatur

Literatur zu Abschn. 1.1

  1. Bandini LG, Must A, Phillips SM, Naumova EN, Dietz WH (2004) Relation of body mass index and body fatness to energy expenditure: longitudinal changes from preadolescence through adolescence. Am J Clin Nutr 80(5): 1262–1269PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Barrera MG, Salazar G, Gajardo H, Gattas V, Coward A (1997) Comparative analysis of body composition assessment methods in healthy adult men. Rev Med Chil 125(11): 1335–1342PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Coffin CM, Hamilton MS, Pysher TJ et al. (2002) Pediatric laboratory medicine: current challenges and future opportunities. Am J Clin Pathol 117(5): 683–690PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. DGE (2000) Referenzwerte für die Nährstoffzufuhr. Gemeinsame Empfehlungen der Deutschen und Österreichischen Gesellschaften für Ernährung sowie der Schweizer Ernährungsgesellschaft. Umschau, FrankfurtGoogle Scholar
  5. Derumeaux-Burel H, Meyer M, Morin L, Boirie Y (2004) Prediction of resting energy expenditure in a large population of obese children. Am J Clin Nutr 80(6): 1544–1550PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Deurenberg P, Kooy K van der, Leenen R, Weststrate JA, Seidell JC (1991) Sex and age specific prediction formulas for estimating body composition from bioelectrical impedance: a cross-validation study. Int J Obes 15(1): 17–25PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Dezenberg CV, Nagy TR, Gower BA, Johnson R, Goran MI (1999) Predicting body composition from anthropometry in pre-adolescent children. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 23: 253–259PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Elberg J, McDuffie JR, Sebring NG et al. (2004) Comparison of methods to assess change in children‘s body composition. Am J Clin Nutr 80(1): 64–69PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Eto C, Komiya S, Nakao T, Kikkawa K (2004) Validity of the body mass index and fat mass index as an indicator of obesity in children aged 3–5 years. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Hum Sci 23(1): 25–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hammond J, Rona RJ, Chinn S (1994) Estimation in community surveys of total body fat of children using bioelectrical impedance or skinfold thickness measurements. Eur J Clin Nutr 48(3): 164–171PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Kalkwarf HJ, Khoury JC, Bean J, Elliot JG (2004) Vitamin K, bone turnover, and bone mass in girls. Am J Clin Nutr 80(4): 1075–1080PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Kromeyer-Hauschild K, Wabitsch M, Kunze D et al. (2001) Perzentile für den Body-mass-Index für das Kindes- und Jugendalter unter Heranziehung verschiedener deutscher Stichproben. Monatsschr Kinderheilkd 149(8): 807–818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Livingstone MB, Robson PJ, Wallace JM (2004) Issues in dietary intake assessment of children and adolescents. Br J Nutr 92(Suppl 2): S213–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lukaski HC, Bolonchuk WW (1988) Estimation of body fluid volumes using tetrapolar bioelectrical impedance measurements. Aviat Space Environ Med 59(12): 1163–1169PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Mast M, Sonnichsen A, Langnase K (2002) Inconsistencies in bioelectrical impedance and anthropometric measurements of fat mass in a field study of prepubertal children. Br J Nutr 87(2): 163–175PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Pecoraro P, Guida B, Caroli M et al. (2003) Body mass index and skinfold thickness versus bioimpedance analysis: fat mass prediction in children. Acta Diabetol 40(Suppl 1): S278–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sanchez-Lastres J, Eiris-Punal J, Otero-Cepeda JL, Pavon-Belinchon P, Castro-Gago M (2003) Nutritional status of mentally retarded children in northwest spain: II. Biochemical indicators. Acta Paediatr 92(8): 928–934PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Schmelzle H, Schroder C, Armbrust S, Unverzagt S, Fusch C (2004) Resting energy expenditure in obese children aged 4 to 15 years: measured versus predicted data. Acta Paediatr 93(6): 739–746PubMedGoogle Scholar

Literatur zu Abschn. 1.2

  1. Bandini LG, Must A, Phillips SM, Naumova EN, Dietz WH (2004) Relation of body mass index and body fatness to energy expenditure: longitudinal changes from preadolescence through adolescence. Am J Clin Nutr 80(5): 1262–1269PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Barrera MG, Salazar G, Gajardo H, Gattas V, Coward A (1997) Comparative analysis of body composition assessment methods in healthy adult men. Rev Med Chil 125(11): 1335–1342PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Coffin CM, Hamilton MS, Pysher TJ et al. (2002) Pediatric laboratory medicine: current challenges and future opportunities. Am J Clin Pathol 117(5): 683–690PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. DGE (2008) Die Referenzwerte für die Nährstoffzufuhr, 1. Aufl., 3. korr. Nachdruck. Umschau, NeustadtGoogle Scholar
  5. Derumeaux-Burel H, Meyer M, Morin L, Boirie Y (2004) Prediction of resting energy expenditure in a large population of obese children. Am J Clin Nutr 80(6): 1544–1550PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Deurenberg P, Kooy K van der, Leenen R, Weststrate JA, Seidell JC (1991) Sex and age specific prediction formulas for estimating body composition from bioelectrical impedance: a cross-validation study. Int J Obes 15(1): 17–25PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Dezenberg CV, Nagy TR, Gower BA, Johnson R, Goran MI (1999) Predicting body composition from anthropometry in pre-adolescent children. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 23: 253–259PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Elberg J, McDuffie JR, Sebring NG et al. (2004) Comparison of methods to assess change in children‘s body composition. Am J Clin Nutr 80(1): 64–69PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Eto C, Komiya S, Nakao T, Kikkawa K (2004) Validity of the body mass index and fat mass index as an indicator of obesity in children aged 3–5 years. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Hum Sci 23(1): 25–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hammond J, Rona RJ, Chinn S (1994) Estimation in community surveys of total body fat of children using bioelectrical impedance or skinfold thickness measurements. Eur J Clin Nutr 48(3): 164–171PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Kalkwarf HJ, Khoury JC, Bean J, Elliot JG (2004) Vitamin K, bone turnover, and bone mass in girls. Am J Clin Nutr 80(4): 1075–1080PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Kromeyer-Hauschild K, Wabitsch M, Kunze D et al. (2001) Perzentile für den Body-mass-Index für das Kindes- und Jugendalter unter Heranziehung verschiedener deutscher Stichproben. Monatsschr Kinderheilkd 149(8): 807–818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Livingstone MB, Robson PJ, Wallace JM (2004) Issues in dietary intake assessment of children and adolescents. Br J Nutr 92(Suppl 2): S213–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lukaski HC, Bolonchuk WW (1988) Estimation of body fluid volumes using tetrapolar bioelectrical impedance measurements. Aviat Space Environ Med 59(12): 1163–1169PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Mast M, Sonnichsen A, Langnase K (2002) Inconsistencies in bioelectrical impedance and anthropometric measurements of fat mass in a field study of prepubertal children. Br J Nutr 87(2): 163–175PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Pecoraro P, Guida B, Caroli M et al. (2003) Body mass index and skinfold thickness versus bioimpedance analysis: fat mass prediction in children. Acta Diabetol 40(Suppl 1): S278–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sanchez-Lastres J, Eiris-Punal J, Otero-Cepeda JL, Pavon-Belinchon P, Castro-Gago M (2003) Nutritional status of mentally retarded children in northwest spain: II. Biochemical indicators. Acta Paediatr 92(8): 928–934PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Schmelzle H, Schroder C, Armbrust S, Unverzagt S, Fusch C (2004) Resting energy expenditure in obese children aged 4 to 15 years: measured versus predicted data. Acta Paediatr 93(6): 739–746PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Nützenadel
    • 1
  • Michael B. Krawinkel
    • 2
  1. 1.HeidelbergDeutschland
  2. 2.Institut für ErnährungswissenschaftJustus-Liebig-Universität GießenGießenDeutschland

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